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Significant elevation of serum CA19-9 and CA242 levels induced by dulaglutide
  1. Xiaomin Shi
  1. Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Xiaomin Shi; sxmbj{at}sina.com

Abstract

The use of dulaglutide, a common medication for managing type 2 diabetes, rarely causes elevated pancreatic tumour markers. Here, we report the case of a woman in her mid-60s with diabetes for over 10 years. The patient presented with markedly elevated serum CA19-9 and CA242 levels revealed during a routine health examination despite being asymptomatic. She had been receiving dulaglutide injections for 16 months. Imaging and interventional assessments did not reveal any hepatobiliary, gastrointestinal or pancreatic neoplasm. After excluding alternate diagnoses, the patient was determined to exhibit an adverse reaction to dulaglutide use. Management involved the discontinuation of dulaglutide, which resulted in normalisation of serum CA19-9 and CA242 levels within 6 weeks. This case underscores the importance of discontinuing dulaglutide and monitoring changes in the biomarker levels in asymptomatic patients receiving dulaglutide, rather than immediately resorting to imaging and endoscopic examinations.

  • Diabetes
  • Unwanted effects / adverse reactions
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Pancreas and biliary tract

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Footnotes

  • Contributors The following author was responsible for drafting of the text, sourcing and editing of clinical images, investigation results, drawing original diagrams and algorithms, and critical revision for important intellectual content: XS. The following author gave final approval of the manuscript: XS.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.