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Bilateral optic disc collaterals secondary to high-flow dural arteriovenous fistula: a diagnostic dilemma

Abstract

A man in his 80s, with a history of diabetes, hypertension and coronary artery disease, presented with bilateral painless progressive vision loss 2 years prior. His examination showed subnormal best corrected visual acuity of 20/50 and 20/80 in the right eye and left eye (LE), respectively, grade II relative afferent pupillary defect in LE, normal anterior segment, intra-ocular pressure (IOP) and defective colour vision in both eyes (BE). Fundus examination revealed optic disc pallor, disc collaterals and grade 2 hypertensive retinopathy in BE. Automated perimetry showed advanced field loss in BE. MRI of the brain and orbits with contrast showed signs of raised intracranial pressure, and magnetic resonance angiogram of the brain showed multiple arterio-venous channels along with the right transverse and sigmoid sinuses. The patient was referred to a neuroradiologist for further evaluation, and cerebral angiogram confirmed multifocal high-flow dural arterio-venous fistulae at right jugular foramen, transverse and sigmoid sinuses. He underwent Onyx liquid embolization.

  • Neuroopthalmology
  • Visual pathway
  • Interventional radiology

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