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Acute peripheral facial paralysis caused by tegmental pontine infarction
  1. Yuta Yoshino,
  2. Yuki Gono and
  3. Ken Tsuboi
  1. Internal Medicine, Saitama Citizens Medical Center, Saitama-shi, Saitama, Outside of the US, Japan
  1. Correspondence to Dr Yuta Yoshino; yy_yopi{at}yahoo.co.jp

Abstract

Facial paralysis presents as unilateral mouth drooping and lagophthalmos. The main causes of peripheral facial paralysis are Bell’s palsy and Ramsay-Hunt syndrome. However, rarely occurring pontine infarctions of the facial nucleus also manifest a lower motor neuron pattern of facial paralysis. We report a case of a man in his 50s who presented to the emergency department with unilateral peripheral facial paralysis. The initial diffusion-weighted images were unremarkable, and the patient was managed as per guidelines for hypertensive encephalopathy or Bell’s palsy. On the 3rd day after admission, he was diagnosed with left pontine infarction and suspected infarction of the left anterior inferior cerebellar artery. We propose that in similar cases, re-examination of imaging results should be considered, as diffusion-weighted imaging is characteristically prone to generate false-negative results in patients with early onset or posterior circulation infarction.

  • Stroke
  • Neuroimaging
  • Hypertension
  • Cranial nerves
  • Brain stem / cerebellum

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Footnotes

  • Contributors The following authors were responsible for drafting of the text, sourcing and editing of clinical images, investigation results, drawing original diagrams and algorithms, and critical revision for important intellectual content: YY, YG and KT. The following author gave final approval of the manuscript: YY.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.