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Rare cause of recurrent hypocalcaemia and functional hypoparathyroidism due to hypomagnesaemia caused by TRPM6 gene mutation
  1. Savita Khadse1,
  2. Vrushali Satish Takalikar1,
  3. Radha Ghildiyal1 and
  4. Nikhil Shah1,2
  1. 1Pediatrics, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital and Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  2. 2Division Of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Surya Children's Hospital, Mumbai, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nikhil Shah; nikhilshah1507{at}


Magnesium is essential for the functioning and release of parathyroid hormone. Therefore, its deficiency can present as functional hypoparathyroidism. This case report describes a rare inherited disorder called congenital hypomagnesaemia with secondary hypocalcaemia due to TRPM6 gene mutation. This disease clinically and biochemically mimics hypoparathyroidism. However, unlike hypoparathyroidism, it can be treated only by long-term oral magnesium supplements. The patient presented to us with recurrent hypocalcaemic convulsions. The laboratory picture in each admission was similar to that of hypoparathyroidism. However, the hypocalcaemia persisted, and it was noticed to be associated with persistent hypomagnesaemia. A defect in the tubular magnesium reabsorption was postulated and a genetic analysis of the patient was done, which revealed a TRPM6 mutation causing hypomagnesaemia by excessive renal excretion of magnesium. The child responded well to oral magnesium supplements and is currently developmentally appropriate for her age and thriving well.

  • Endocrine system
  • Calcium and bone
  • Vitamins and supplements

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  • Contributors The following authors were responsible for drafting of the text, sourcing and editing of clinical images, investigation results, drawing original diagrams and algorithms and critical revision for important intellectual content: VST, NS and SK. The following author gave final approval of the manuscript: RG.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.