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46,XX disorder of sex development associated with skin abnormalities due to homozygous R-Spondin 1 loss of function mutation


A child, who was reared as male, presented in his early childhood to the endocrine clinic with penoscrotal hypospadias which was noticed at birth. On examination, he had both gonads in the scrotal sacs with complete scrotal fusion, rugosities and chordee with a single opening. He had increased palmoplantar skin desquamation. As an initial part of the workup, karyotyping was done, which was 46,XX. To rule out the most common cause of 46,XX disorder of sex development (DSD) in phenotypical males (SRY - Sex Determining Region Y gene - translocation), fluorescent in situ hybridisation for SRY was done, which was negative. Whole exome sequencing revealed a homozygous loss of function mutation in the R-Spondin1 gene. Here we report a rare case of 46,XX DSD with loss of function mutation in the R-Spondin1 gene associated with skin abnormalities.

  • Endocrinology
  • Genetics

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