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Type IIIb jejunal atresia treated surgically with two end-to-end anastomoses

Abstract

A term newborn presented after birth with abdominal distension and vomiting in a developing country in Asia. Ultrasonography suggested intestinal obstruction and abdominal X-ray showed a ‘double-bubble’ sign suggestive of intestinal atresia. The newborn was diagnosed with early-onset neonatal sepsis secondary to intestinal obstruction and transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit. Surgery was performed and type IIIb jejunal atresia was found. Type IIIa/b jejunal atresia is associated with high incidence of poor outcome in lower socioeconomic countries. The affected intestinal segment and a distal serosal tear were resected and two end-to-end anastomoses formed. Oral feeding commenced on day 13 postoperatively. The patient was discharged on day 20 with adequate nutritional status. At follow-up, the patient continued to thrive. An operation involving resection of two different segments of bowel repaired with two end-to-end anastomoses in a neonate had a successful outcome for the patient.

  • Paediatric Surgery
  • Global Health
  • Paediatrics
  • Neonatal intensive care

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