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Preoperative screening endometrial cytology discovered incidental gynaecological malignancy in two patients undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy


Pelvic ultrasonography and measurement of serum cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) are recommended for preoperative evaluation before performing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). We report our experience with two patients in whom an incidental gynaecological malignancy was found using endometrial cytology as a preoperative screening test for RRSO. Patient 1 was an early 50s woman with a pathologic variant of BRCA1. Transvaginal ultrasonography showed no endometrial abnormalities, but preoperative endometrial cytology revealed high-grade serous carcinoma. The patient underwent total hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection, and omentectomy. Patient 2 was a late 40s woman with a pathological variant of BRCA1. Transvaginal ultrasonography showed mild enlargement of the left ovary, and her CA-125 level was elevated. Preoperative endometrial cytology revealed high-grade serous cancer. She underwent total hysterectomy, bilateral adnexectomy and omentectomy. These case reports illustrate the importance of preoperative screening—including endometrial cytology—before performing RRSO.

  • Gynecological cancer
  • Obstetrics, gynaecology and fertility
  • Cancer intervention

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