Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;16) is a rare cytogenetic abnormality that presents unique characteristics such as hemophagocytosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, leukemia cutis and varying levels of CD45 expression. It is more common in women and usually associated with prior cytotoxic therapies, accounting for <0.5% of all AML cases. We present a case of de novo t(8;16) AML with FLT3-TKD mutation who relapsed after initial induction and consolidation. Mitelman database analysis reveals only 175 cases with this translocation, majority of which are M5 (54.3%) and M4 (21.1%) AML. Our review reveals very poor prognosis with overall survival ranging from 4.7 to 18.2 months. She also developed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy after receiving 7+3 induction regimen. Our patient died in 6 months from the date of diagnosis. Although a rare occurrence, it has been discussed in literature to identify t(8;16) as a separate subtype of AML due to unique characteristics.
- Malignant disease and immunosuppression
- Malignant and Benign haematology
- Heart failure
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Contributors AA: drafted the initial manuscript. AA and NH: revised the article. TB and HA: offered critical reviews.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.