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Tuberculous flexor tenosynovitis of wrist and hand
  1. Sanjay Kumar Giri,
  2. Santanu Suba,
  3. Ahana Bandyopadhyay and
  4. Pavithra R
  1. Burns and Plastic Surgery, AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ahana Bandyopadhyay; ahanabn6194{at}


A woman in her 40s presented with a swelling over her left distal forearm and hand since 7 months, progressively increasing in size. She had history of difficulty in moving her wrist and fingers with no associated pain. She had no immune or chronic conditions except for hypothyroidism for which she was on regular medication. On examination, there was an 8×7 cm swelling on the radial side of the volar surface of her left distal forearm extending till the thenar eminence. MRI of the left upper limb was suggestive of a soft tissue swelling arising from the flexor tendon.

The patient was planned for surgical excision of the swelling. Intraoperatively, there was a mass arising from the flexor tendons of flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) and flexor pollicis longus (FPL), extending distally up to the mid palm region. On incising the flexor tendon sheath, it was observed that multiple yellowish rice like granules extended across the tendons. The lesion was excised completely and sent for histopathology examination. The lax FDP of little and ring fingers were plicated following proper tension adjustment and defect in FPL was primarily repaired. Postoperatively, the patient recovered well with no local wound complications. The biopsy report was suggestive of tuberculosis. The patient completed a course of antituberculosis treatment in 6 months.

  • Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • TB and other respiratory infections

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  • Contributors All authors were involved in the diagnosis and management of patients. AB, SKG and SS were involved in the follow-up. PR was involved in histopathological confirmation of the disease. AB wrote the paper and SKG and SS gave critical inputs. All authors agree to the content of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.