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Addition of nebulised lidocaine to prevent refractory bronchospasms in a patient receiving serial bronchoscopies
  1. Ryan Grell
  1. Anesthesiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ryan Grell; ryangrell{at}


A patient in his 20s with a history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis required 15 bronchoscopies with dilations in 1 year due to bronchial fibrosis and secretions leading to worsening shortness of breath. During these bronchoscopies, the patient experienced increasingly severe bronchospasms refractory to conventional preventative and treatment methodologies leading to prolonged hypoxia, reintubations and ICU admissions. During his 8th to 15th bronchoscopies, nebulised lidocaine was added to the pretreatment regimen, which eliminated perioperative bronchospasms and allowed for the elimination of all other adjunctive preventative treatments. This case highlights the novel perioperative use of nebulised lidocaine, in combination with nebulised albuterol and intravenous hydrocortisone, to successfully prevent previously refractory bronchospasms in a patient undergoing a general anaesthetic.

  • Anaesthesia
  • Respiratory system
  • Adult intensive care
  • Perioperative care
  • Drugs: respiratory system

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  • Contributors RG is the sole author of this manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.