A man in his 70s was presented to the emergency department with uncontrollable hypertension and worsening renal function on a background of atherosclerosis-related bilateral renal artery stenosis. Following progressive deterioration in renal function and refractory hypertension, the patient was referred to interventional radiology for consideration of renal artery stenting. Following stenting of the right renal artery, a large renal arteriovenous fistula became apparent, which required emergent embolisation. Both procedures were successful, with excellent clinical and radiological responses.
- Interventional radiology
- Renal intervention
- Acute renal failure
- Chronic renal failure
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Contributors PM, SP, MM and COB were responsible for drafting the text, sourcing and editing of clinical images, investigation results, drawing original diagrams and algorithms, and critical revision for important intellectual content. COB, MM and SP gave final approval of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.