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Parainfectious Brown-Séquard syndrome associated with COVID-19


Acute myelitis encompasses syndromes associated with inflammation of the spinal cord. In cases of inflammatory lesions that only involve a unilateral portion of the axial plane of the cord, Brown-Séquard syndrome may occur, resulting in potential ipsilateral corticospinal, dorsal spinocerebellar, or dorsal column dysfunction or contralateral spinothalamic dysfunction below the level of the lesion. We report a case of an adult male who presented with Brown-Séquard syndrome and with a positive SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal swab PCR test. Neurological symptoms rapidly resolved after initiation of high-dose methylprednisolone. The findings reported not only contribute to documenting a new presentation of neurological complications associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection but also non-exclusively supports the body of literature suggesting the immune-mediated response to this infection as a mechanism of neuropathogenesis. In this case, COVID-19-related acute myelitis responded to treatment with a short regimen of high-dose glucocorticoids.

  • Infection (neurology)
  • Spinal cord
  • Medical management
  • COVID-19

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