We present a rare case of a spontaneous indirect caroticocavernous fistula (CCF) in an early adolescent, who exhibited a 1-month history of redness, decrease in vision and proptosis of the right eye without a history of trauma or connective tissue disorder. An MRI of the brain and orbit and a digital subtraction angiography confirmed the diagnosis of Barrow type D CCF. The same was then treated with coiling and a liquid embolising agent using the transfacial venous route, resulting in complete obliteration. Reduction in conjunctival congestion with mild improvement in visual acuity was noted postprocedure. Complete recovery was noted at the 6-month follow-up visit. CCF, though rare in the paediatric population, should be highly considered in the differential diagnosis when the above-mentioned complaints are present. Early diagnosis and intervention have favourable outcomes.
- Interventional radiology
- Vascular surgery
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Contributors SRD: concept, design, study supervision, review of literature and review of final manuscript. SRK: data acquisition, informed consent, review of literature, preparation of manuscript, and submission of manuscript. CRM: review of literature, study supervision, review of final manuscript. SKGG: study supervision, review of literature, and review of final manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.