Listeria monocytogenes can cause severe illnesses such as gastroenteritis, sepsis and neurolisteriosis, especially in infants, the elderly and immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a previously healthy school-aged girl presenting with severe neurological deficits found to have Listeria meningoencephalitis. Her potential exposure to L. monocytogenes was consumption of contaminated cheese. She had some clinical improvement after initiation of tailored Listeria anti-microbial coverage with ampicillin and gentamicin; however, she developed hydrocephalus requiring external ventricular drain placement and tonsillar herniation requiring emergent posterior fossa decompression. The patient made significant improvements after neurosurgical intervention, and along with continued antibiotics and subsequent rehabilitation services, she improved to near full recovery within a year. The case highlights that neurolisteriosis can affect even immunocompetent children, and aggressive neurosurgical interventions should be considered in patients who develop severe complications such as hydrocephalus and tonsillar herniation to improve outcomes.
- Paediatric intensive care
- Infection (neurology)
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Contributors TLTN prepared the manuscript draft with important intellectual input from BB, MGE and PHD. All authors approved the final manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.