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Oncocytic adrenocortical tumour presenting as an incidentaloma: a diagnostic challenge

Abstract

Oncocytic adrenocortical neoplasms are a rare histopathological subtype of adrenal tumours which are usually benign and, if malignant, are less likely to metastasise. We report a case of a non-functioning oncocytic adrenocortical tumour, identified incidentally in a middle-aged woman. It was initially reported as a left-sided 3.5×3.4×5.6 cm adrenal adenoma. It however increased in size to 5.4×4.0×4.3 cm on follow-up scans. Subsequent review of the scans revealed an indeterminate lesion with a precontrast density of 30 Hounsfield units, an absolute washout of 42.6% and a relative washout of 28.6%. As a result, laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was performed. Histology confirmed oncocytic adrenocortical carcinoma when using the Lin-Weiss-Bisceglia system, though it was deemed benign when using the Helsinki scoring system. There has been no evidence of recurrence to date. This case highlights the potential pitfalls in the diagnosis of oncocytic neoplasms and the increased specificity of the Helsinki score in assessing metastatic potential.

  • Adrenal disorders
  • Endocrine cancer
  • Pathology
  • Radiology

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