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Psoas muscle metastatic disease mimicking a psoas abscess on imaging


Here, we report a case of malignant psoas syndrome presented to us during the second peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our patient had a medical history of hypertension, recently diagnosed with left iliac deep vein thrombosis and previous breast and endometrial cancers. She presented with exquisite pain and a fixed flexion deformity of the left hip. A rim-enhancing lesion was seen within the left psoas muscle and was initially deemed to be a psoas abscess. This failed to respond to medical management and attempts at drainage. Subsequent further imaging revealed the mass was of a malignant nature; histology revealing a probable carcinomatous origin. Following diagnosis, palliative input was obtained and, unfortunately, our patient passed away in a hospice shortly after discharge. We discuss the aetiology, radiological findings and potential treatments of this condition and learning points to prompt clinicians to consider this diagnosis in those with a personal history of cancer.

  • General surgery
  • Radiology
  • Oncology

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