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Bernard-Soulier syndrome in pregnancy with retinal detachment: a rare phenomenon

Abstract

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is a rare congenital bleeding disorder of the platelet, and it is mainly inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. It is caused by both qualitative and quantitative deficiency of the platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX-V receptor complex, thereby causing abnormal platelets adhesion.

We report a case of a primigravida in her 20s with history of BSS diagnosed in childhood due to family history. Her preconception period was challenging as she suffered from severe menorrhagia often requiring hospital admission, blood and platelet transfusions.

At 35 weeks gestation, she developed temporal crowded retinal detachment of the left eye and had a successful left scleral buckling surgery under general anaesthesia (GA).

She had a multidisciplinary team care with a successful elective GA caesarean section at 39+3 weeks gestation with peridelivery platelet transfusion and intravenous recombinant factor VIIa. Regional anaesthesia, intramuscular injections and anticoagulation were avoided.

  • Haematology (incl blood transfusion)
  • Retina
  • Pregnancy

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