We report the case of a school-aged boy who presented with clinical features suggesting acute appendicitis. However, further imaging which included CT, demonstrated an inflammatory mass involving the transverse colon raising the suspicion of lymphoma. He then developed intestinal obstruction, and in view of the rapid progression of the disease, he was thought to have non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. He underwent an open excisional biopsy, which revealed a necroinflammatory process and no suggestion of lymphoma or an alternative malignancy or specific diagnosis. His steroid treatment was stopped, and he made a good recovery postoperatively. Positive COVID-19 antibodies, positive response to steroids, results and clinical features were consistent with paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS-TS), with extensive investigation not offering an alternative diagnosis.
While PIMS-TS is a relatively new entity, we believe that this case highlights the importance of it being considered a differential diagnosis of a child presenting with an inflammatory mass.
- Paediatric oncology
- Paediatric Surgery
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Contributors ON, AF, BL, KT, MW, AD, DI have contributed in the following: conception—revising the article critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version published; agreement to be accountable for the article.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.