A teenage boy presented to the clinic complaining of poor vision in both eyes. His best-corrected visual acuity was 20/25. The slit lamp examination revealed vertically oval corneas, crescentic peripheral inferior corneal thinning and ectasia in both eyes. Corneal topography showed against-the-rule astigmatism with mean keratometry (Km) of 45.1 and 45.2 dioptres in the right and left eyes, respectively. High-resolution optical coherence tomography corroborated the clinical findings, and the patient was diagnosed with pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMD). Collagen cross-linking was performed in the right eye. Left eye cross-linking is awaited. Although PMD is typically seen in middle-aged (third-fourth decade) patients, it can also occur at earlier ages. Collagen cross-linking can be considered to prevent the progression of the condition.
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Contributors GIN: prepared initial draft. SC: involved in the management of the patient, critical review of the manuscript and final draft preparation.
Funding This study was funded by Hyderabad Eye Research Foundation (Grant number: LEC-BHR-R-12-21-799).
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.