Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are glucose-lowering drugs with proven efficacy in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus, and more recently, have been shown to improve heart failure outcomes in patients without diabetes. A rare complication of SGLT2 inhibitor use is the development of euglycaemic diabetic ketoacidosis (EDKA), characterised by euglycaemia (blood glucose level <250 mg/dL), metabolic acidosis (arterial pH <7.3 and serum bicarbonate <18 mEq/L), and ketonaemia. Given patients with EDKA do not present with the typical manifestations of diabetic ketoacidosis, including marked hyperglycaemia and dehydration, the diagnosis of EDKA may be missed and initiation of treatment delayed. We present the case of a man with recent SGLT2 inhibitor use and multiple other risk factors who developed EDKA.
- Drugs: endocrine system
- Medical management
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Contributors Supervised by MS. Patient was under the care of MS. Report was written by OB and MDB.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.