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Early renal failure in childhood in a male with Fabry disease

Abstract

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by reduced activity or absence of the alpha-galactosidase A enzyme resulting in systemic accumulation of glycosphingolipids. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a late-stage manifestation of Fabry disease, typically presenting in the fifth decade of life, but is very rare in childhood. Here we present a case of an 11-year-old boy with classical Fabry disease presenting with ESRD requiring haemodialysis and transplant. Diagnosis was confirmed by renal biopsy, GLA mutation and low alpha-galactosidase A levels. He has an unusual genotype, hemizygous for the c.1000–11T>A intronic variant and positive for the pseudodeficiency allele D313Y. Due to the possibility of very early and accelerated disease progression, Fabry disease should be considered as a possible diagnosis in unexplained renal failure in males from a younger age.

  • Genetics
  • Renal medicine
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Renal transplantation

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