An immunocompetent man in his 20s came to the hospital for shortness of breath, fevers and lower back pain with unintentional 20 lbs. weight loss. Relevant history included a recent trip to Arizona 3 months prior to presentation. On arrival, he was noted to have decreased breath sounds bilaterally, and paraspinal tenderness in the lumbar area. CT scan revealed diffuse pneumonitis and an abscess with osteomyelitis in the sacrum and right iliac bone. Continued respiratory decompensation led him to the intensive care unit where he had a bronchoscopy and later sacroiliac joint fluid collection was performed. Based on his travel history, and elevated serum IgE, liposomal amphotericin B was initiated. Later his antibodies against Coccidiodes resulted elevated and fungal cultures from the bronchoalveolar lavage and abscess from the sacral vertebrae grew mould, morphologically consistent with Coccidiodes posadasii. He was transitioned to oral fluconazole and will have a close follow-up outpatient.
- mechanical ventilation
- bone and joint infections
- pneumonia (infectious disease)
- adult intensive care
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
Contributors AA wrote the manuscript with input from other authors. DQ helped in getting cultures slides and radiology images. BK supervised the project. JH contributed to the final version and helped in obtaining the consent form.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Map disclaimer The depiction of boundaries on this map does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of BMJ (or any member of its group) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, jurisdiction or area or of its authorities. This map is provided without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.