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Acute anterior thigh compartment syndrome in Premiership rugby
  1. Christopher Swallow and
  2. Daniel Walton
  1. School of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Christopher Swallow; c.swallow{at}


A case study of acute compartment syndrome in the anterior lateral thigh of a professional Rugby Union Flanker with no history of trauma is presented. The report covers all details from initial occurrence; medical history; investigations and surgical treatment; manual stimulus and rehabilitation; return to play; challenges and considerations—resulting in a positive outcome. Resultant observations/recommendations are that investigations should be swift and carefully considered to facilitate surgical intervention via decompressive fasciotomy as required.

  • sports and exercise medicine
  • physiotherapy (rehabilitation)
  • surgery

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  • Contributors CS and DW: study conception; CS: procured investigational details from the relevant parties; CS conducted the literature search; CS and DW wrote the manuscript; CS has primary responsibility for final content. Both authors reviewed and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.