Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Acalypha indica-induced transient glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency with acute haemolysis

Abstract

Acalypha indica is a tropical herb found in Asia. The entire plant, especially the leaves, is used in herbal medicine for several therapeutic purposes. Acute intravascular haemolysis and methaemoglobinaemia have been reported in patients who consume this herb. We present a case of a previously healthy middle-aged man who ingested boiled leaves of A. indica. The patient developed clinical symptoms and signs of intravascular haemolysis 7 days after ingestion. Peripheral blood smear showed typical findings of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency with acute haemolysis. The G6PD activity was low during active haemolysis. The G6PD level, however, returned to normal after 4 months of follow-up. The patient was further tested for common G6PD gene mutations in Southeast Asia and was negative. Ingestion of A. indica may induce transient G6PD deficiency, which in this patient led to acute haemolysis and methaemoglobinaemia.

  • haematology (drugs and medicines)
  • haematology (incl blood transfusion)
  • toxicology

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.