Endometrial hyperplasia (EH) is a precursor of endometrial cancer. It arises in an environment of unopposed oestrogen. Treatment is based on a combination of weight management, diet and exercise, and the use of progestogens either via a levonogestrel-intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) or orally. The LNG-IUS is the first-line recommendation for EH without atypia. Recurrences are rare, and any recurrences despite prolonged treatment and control of risk factors necessitate a thorough consideration of other oestrogenic sources. This case report presents a rare case of a coexisting ovarian Brenner tumour and ovarian stromal hyperplasia in a menopausal patient in her 50s with recurrent EH despite earlier regression. The above histology may have provided the additional oestrogenic influence. This patient subsequently underwent a definitive hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). It is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for potential oestrogenic influences in cases of refractory EH that are not identifiable on imaging. BSO should be considered at the time of hysterectomy in such cases of unidentified oestrogenic foci.
- Obstetrics, gynaecology and fertility
- Medical education
- Menopause (including HRT)
- Gynaecological cancer
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Contributors ZWM is the primary and corresponding author for the manuscript. JPSC proofreads the manuscript and is the lead clinician in the patient management.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.