Article Text

Laparoscopic excision of a large adrenal pseudocyst: diagnostic dilemma and technical challenges
  1. Ankit Shettar,
  2. Prakash Kumar Sasmal,
  3. Manas Chalamalasetty Venkata Sai and
  4. Pankaj Kumar
  1. Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Prakash Kumar Sasmal; surg_prakash{at}aiimsbhubaneswar.edu.in

Abstract

A woman in her 40s attended the hospital with worsening left upper abdominal dull aching pain for the past 6 months. Clinical examination and radiological investigations with ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen confirmed it to be a cystic lesion of the left adrenal of size 13 cm × 12 cm × 11 cm. With the possibility of an incidental malignancy due to large size, laparoscopic cyst excision meticulously without spillage of cyst content was possible due to preoperative planning. It was a difficult task to mobilise the cyst intact due to the thin wall to prevent accidental rupture and gross spillage of the cyst contents. The cyst wall sent for histopathological examination confirmed it to be an adrenal pseudocyst without any malignant focus. Adrenal pseudocysts are rare and mostly benign. However, the index of suspecting a malignancy should be high in large cysts, and meticulous dissection is warranted.

  • urological surgery
  • general surgery
  • adrenal disorders

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Footnotes

  • Contributors AS and PKS drafted the manuscript and reviewed the literature. MCVS and PK reviewed the literature and critically appraised the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.