Spontaneous haemoperitoneum is a rare condition with a variety of aetiologies. Regardless of the cause, it is invariably a life-threatening condition that requires urgent diagnosis and management. The most common causes of spontaneous haemoperitoneum include gynaecological, hepatic, splenic and vascular causes. However, here, we present a rare case of spontaneous haemoperitoneum secondary to idiopathic omental venous malformation.
Our patient presented with acute onset of right iliac fossa pain, and a CT scan revealed a massive haemoperitoneum. A laparoscopic converted to open laparotomy was performed to diagnose and treat the patient. We discuss the management approach for such patients with spontaneous haemoperitoneum.
- General surgery
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Contributors The patient was under the care of MNAT and WWA. Radiology and pathology input was from CYGO and MMB, respectively. The manuscript was drafted and revised by WWA, CYGO and MMB, with final approval by MNAT. All authors approved of the final manuscript and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.