We present a case of unexplained familial breast cancer (BC) from six family members, including four affected and two unaffected women, for whom clinical genetic testing panels were inconclusive. Exome sequencing data revealed heterozygous and rare germline variants to be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner in the family, in addition to several unclassified mutations in DNA repair and cell cycle-regulating genes that were not included in the family’s clinical genetic testing. A rare MYC-N11S germline mutation with conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity in the literature, and predicted to be deleterious, was present in all affected individuals. Whole exome sequencing provided a more comprehensive picture of inherited BC in this family that was missed by cancer gene panels alone.
- Breast cancer
- Cancer intervention
- Genetic screening / counselling
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Contributors LB: conducting sequencing, writing and editing of manuscript. MB: genetic counselor/medical geneticist, writing and editing of manuscript. JB: writing and editing of manuscript.
Funding This study was funded by Penn State Biomedical Big Data to Knowledge (B2D2K) Training Program (5T32LM012415-04).
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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