A newborn girl presenting with respiratory distress soon after birth was found to have a neck mass and required transfer to a paediatric intensive care unit with neonatal expertise. She subsequently underwent endoscopic airway assessment with microlaryngoscopy and bronchoscopy proceeding to open excision of the lesion in the right thyroid lobe on day thirteen of life, resulting in resolution of airway compromise and complete pathological clearance. The baby was discharged 10 days after surgery. Histology confirmed a thyroid teratoma. At 12 months, the child was thriving with no evidence of recurrence. This case illustrates a rare but serious diagnosis that, if not managed in a timely manner, can lead to significant morbidity and mortality.
- otolaryngology / ENT
- paediatric surgery
- paediatric intensive care
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Contributors SLG and SB were the surgeons who performed the case. SB and SLG conceived the idea of writing up this case for submission. JR reviewed the case, compiled the information, performed the literature review for the case and drafted the article. SB and SLG critically revised the case report. All authors gave final approval of the final version of the case report.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.