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Dentofacial manifestations of fetal warfarin syndrome in a paediatric patient
  1. Morankar Rahul,
  2. Nikhil Shrivastava,
  3. Nitesh Tewari and
  4. Vijay Mathur
  1. Division of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Center for Dental Education and Research, AIIMS, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Morankar Rahul; captainrahul88{at}


Anticoagulant therapy is commonly indicated during pregnancy to prevent thrombosis and prevention of prosthetic heart valve-associated thromboembolic events. Warfarin is a synthetic anticoagulant with low molecular weight and can cross the placenta resulting in congenital abnormalities termed fetal warfarin syndrome. This paper highlights the case of an 8-year-old boy with warfarin embryopathy. It highlights the extraoral and intraoral findings of the case along with the cephalometric analysis and provides insight into the phenotypic variations among the different cases reported in the literature.

  • dentistry and oral medicine
  • contraindications and precautions
  • haematology (drugs and medicines)

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  • Contributors MR involved in the concept, design, review of literature, preparation, and revision of the manuscript. NS involved in patient care and preparation of the manuscript. VM and NT involved in the review of the literature and critical revision of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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