Osteochondromas in hereditary multiple exostosis have increased risk of malignant transformation as compared with solitary osteochondromas. We present a case of a 54-year-old man who presented to us with complaints of swollen mass of the left shoulder with an ulcerative lesion. Radiograph showed a sessile growth from the proximal humerus and scapula. MRI revealed a sessile osteochondroma measuring about 11×10.1×8.0 cm. The malignant nature of the disease was anticipated due to increased cap thickness and non-healing ulcer, however, biopsy showed a benign lesion without any sarcomatous change. The patient was successfully treated with extra-periosteal excision and was recurrence-free at 24 months follow-up. This case illustrates an extra-articular giant osteochondroma of the proximal humerus, with possible signs of a malignant lesion but diagnosed benign on biopsy. We conclude that a biopsy should always preclude definitive management as this can change the overall mortality and morbidity of the patient.
- musculoskeletal and joint disorders
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Contributors SKP contributed to collection of data, conception and research. JSC contributed to structuring of the case. MS contributed to analysis and interpretation of data. JSV contributed to editing.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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