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Galactosaemia occurring in association with primary ovarian insufficiency, Addison’s disease and chronic myeloid leukaemia
  1. Brandon Khoury1,
  2. Mohamed KM Shakir1,2 and
  3. Thanh Duc Hoang1,2
  1. 1Endocrinology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  2. 2Endocrinology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Thanh Duc Hoang; tdhdthanh{at}


Classic galactosaemia is the most severe type, inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion and normally detected on newborn screening. It is caused by an inability to digest galactose due to a deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), resulting in an intolerance of feeds in the neonatal period, failure to thrive, hypoglycaemia, jaundice, cataracts, hepatomegaly, vomiting, diarrhoea, developmental delay and an increased risk of Escherichia coli sepsis. The long-term sequelae of this disorder include cognitive impairment, neurological symptoms, such as ataxia, nutritional deficiencies, such as calcium and vitamin D, and gonadal dysfunction. We report here a case of a 34-year-old woman with classic galactosaemia diagnosed in adulthood, developing primary ovarian insufficiency and osteoporosis as well as primary adrenal insufficiency and chronic myeloid leukaemia, which are two associations not seen in current literature. Further studies are needed to determine if an association exists between these diseases.

  • chronic myeloid leukemia
  • endocrinology
  • adrenal disorders
  • calcium and bone
  • genetic screening / counselling

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  • Contributors BK: First author. MKMS: Critically reviewed and edited the manuscript. TDH: Mentor, critically reviewed and edited the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer-reviewed.