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Management of hyponatraemia in pre-eclampsia with severe features
  1. Julia Whitley,
  2. Sarah Swartz and
  3. Anjali Martinez
  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Julia Whitley; juliawhitley{at}gwu.edu

Abstract

Pre-eclampsia is a common pregnancy complication with many associated maternal and fetal risks, yet its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. Hyponatraemia is a rarely described finding in pre-eclampsia that has been associated with both maternal and fetal complications and medically indicated delivery. We present a case of hyponatraemia in a patient admitted for induction of labour for gestational hypertension, which developed into pre-eclampsia with severe features requiring magnesium sulfate therapy for seizure prophylaxis. The patient’s hyponatraemia resolved with delivery, fluid restriction and serial sodium monitoring. Adjustment to the components of the patient’s magnesium sulfate infusion was made to reduce free water intake and avoid further exacerbation of her hyponatraemia. While there is currently no recommendation to routinely monitor sodium levels in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, careful consideration of this potential finding in cases of pre-eclampsia should be given due to the overlap between symptoms of hyponatraemia and cerebral symptoms of pre-eclampsia.

  • fluid electrolyte and acid-base disturbances
  • materno-fetal medicine
  • pregnancy

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Footnotes

  • Contributors JW and SS obtained patient consent. JW performed the literature review and drafted the paper. SS and AM revised the draft paper for submission.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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