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Severe metabolic derangement: a case of concomitant diabetic ketoacidosis and beer potomania

Abstract

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyponatraemia associated with beer potomania are severe diagnoses warranting intensive care level management. Our patient, a middle-aged man, with a history of chronic alcohol abuse and insulin non-compliance, presents with severe DKA and severe hyponatraemia. Correcting sodium and metabolic derangements in each disorder require significant attention to fluid and electrolyte levels. Combined they prove challenging and require an individualised approach to prevent the overcorrection of sodium. Furthermore, management of these conditions lends to the importance of understanding the pathophysiology behind their hormonal and osmotic basis.

  • diabetes
  • metabolic disorders
  • medical management
  • alcohol-related disorders
  • fluid electrolyte and acid-base disturbances

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