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Uncontrolled bleeding during tooth extraction from an undiagnosed arteriovenous malformation
  1. Kumar Nilesh1,
  2. Swenil Shah2,
  3. Amol Gautam3 and
  4. Sagar Thorat4
  1. 1Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, India
  2. 2Department of Radiology, RCSM Government Medical College, Kolhapur, India
  3. 3Department of Radiodiagnosis, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, India
  4. 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Krishna Deemed University, Karad, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kumar Nilesh; drkumarnilesh{at}yahoo.com

Abstract

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital disorders of vascular morphogenesis. These lesions are characterised by high vascular flow with risk of severe bleeding from accidental trauma or surgical manipulation. Although infrequent, potentially life-threatening and fatal oral bleeding has been reported during extraction of tooth associated with AVM. This paper presents a case of uncontrolled bleeding in an adult female patient undergoing mandibular anterior tooth extraction. The bleeding was related to undiagnosed soft tissue AVM in gingivobuccal space. Management of the case with review of previously reported similar cases is presented.

  • dentistry and oral medicine
  • oral and maxillofacial surgery

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Footnotes

  • Contributors KN was involved in patient management, manuscript drafting and approval. AG, SS and ST were involved in patient management and data collection.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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