A 58-year-old asymptomatic woman was referred to our gynecologic oncology unit for the management of a left adnexal mass found during a routine gynecologic examination. Her personal history included an emergency splenectomy at the age of 4 years old, following traumatic splenic laceration after a car accident. The patient’s work-up (including transvaginal ultrasound and MRI) confirmed a pelvic solid mass, which was reported as suspicious for malignancy and classified as Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting & Data System-MRI 5. An exploratory laparoscopy was performed, showing a reddish blue lesion located at the left broad ligament. Histologic analysis showed the presence of splenic tissue and normal adnexa. The postoperative follow-up was uneventful.
Pelvic splenosis is a challenging diagnosis rarely made preoperatively due to concern for malignancy. In the presence of a pelvic mass, the collection of a detailed patient’s history, including information about previous splenic rupture, might raise suspicion for pelvic splenosis.
- gynecological cancer
- gynaecology and fertility
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Contributors PP was the surgeon, CP was the assisting surgeon, DB was the radiologist who managed and described the medical imaging, J-CT was the pathologist who analysed and described the sample. CP wrote the manuscript and all four authors approved it for publication.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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