Primary lymphoma of the visual pathway is rare, especially at the chiasm. Very few cases have been reported. The lesion is frequently confused with an optic–hypothalamic glioma. A 55-year-old man was found disoriented at his home by a friend and evaluated with a brain MRI which demonstrated an expansile mass located at the optic chiasm and hypothalamus level. The principal differential was a high-grade hypothalamic glioma due to the contrast enhancement. A biopsy of the chiasmal lesion was performed. Histological diagnosis of the lesion was compatible with a diffuse large B cell lymphoma. He was started on methotrexate and rituximab; however, his clinical course kept deteriorating, and he died 64 days after his presentation. All prior cases of primary lymphoma of the chiasm are reviewed.
- Malignant and Benign haematology
- CNS cancer
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Contributors Acquiring data—ODJ and CR-V. Drafting manuscript—ODJ, CR-V, FMG-G and RV. Approval of the final version—ODJ, CR-V, FMG-G and RV.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.