We present the case of a 34-year-old woman with a rare constellation of congenital cardiovascular defects. She presented with new-onset dyspnoea on exertion and intermittent palpitations. Extensive cardiac workup revealed anomalous drainage of the inferior vena cava and a large secundum atrial septal defect. She underwent surgical repair. Intraoperatively, an additional congenital venous anomaly was discovered, a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Specifically, the right inferior pulmonary vein connected to the inferior vena cava, and together, they drained into the left atrium. On conducting a thorough literature review, we believe this is the first reported case in an adult female.
- cardiovascular medicine
- heart failure
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.