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Acute proptosis secondary to bilateral pansinus mucopyocele with orbital compartment syndrome: a rare presentation, its management and outcome
  1. Khushboo Chauhan1,
  2. Tanya Sharma2,
  3. Bhavana Sharma1 and
  4. Samendra Karkhur1
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  2. 2Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Samendra Karkhur; karkhurs{at}


A 37-year-old Indian female presented with forward protrusion of left eye for one week, associated with progressive diminution of vision. The patient had undergone sinus surgery for nasal polyposis a year ago. On examination, there was severe proptosis and limitation of extraocular movements in all gazes. CT-scan revealed a heterogeneous expansile mass, arising from left fronto-ethmoidal sinus, infiltrating left orbit. MRI showed T2-hyperintense, peripherally enhancing areas in bilateral nasal cavity (right >left), bilateral ethmoidal sinuses and frontal, sphenoidal and maxillary sinuses. Otorhinolaryngology consultation was sought and in view of vision threatening proptosis — with likely orbital compartment syndrome — emergent endoscopic guided exploration and orbital decompression was undertaken. Rapid relief of signs and symptoms was achieved, with normal vision, extraocular movements and resolution of proptosis. Cytology and microbiology ruled out infectious or malignant aetiology and helped in resolving a diagnostic dilemma. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of mucopyocele and follow-up period was uneventful.

  • ophthalmology
  • pupil
  • pathology
  • nasal polyps

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  • Contributors SK, KC, TS and BS were involved in patient management. All authors contributed to the concept, design, manuscript review and editing. SK and KC contributed to the literature search and manuscript preparation.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.