We present a unique case of bladder leiomyoma that was mistakenly diagnosed as a ureterocele. The delay in diagnosis meant ongoing significant voiding lower urinary tract symptoms, which could have been avoided. This was eventually successfully treated by transurethral resection. Leiomyoma is the most common benign bladder mass and should be considered in the differential diagnosis when a smooth mass with normal overlying mucosa is seen on cystoscopy or a homogeneous, low density bladder mass is seen on cross-sectional imaging. Despite the benign nature of the lesion, leiomyoma can convey significant morbidity to the patient.
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Contributors PG: wrote the case report, assimilated case and gained patient consent. SO’D: kindly provided comments on cross-sectional imaging. RP and AB: edited the case report.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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