Adolescents who participate in athletics or have abnormal musculoskeletal anatomy have higher incidences of back pain than non-athletic peers with normal anatomy. Significant time and money spent in diagnostic evaluations for axial back pain can result in treatment delay causing a subsequent decrease in quality of life. Myofascial trigger points are a commonly overlooked reason for axial back pain. They develop due to an abnormal myoneural connection in the setting of muscle overuse. Trigger point injections are a technically simple intervention that is both diagnostic and therapeutic in alleviating trigger point-mediated back pain. There are few complications from these injections, and they should be considered prior to surgical referral or fluoroscopic-guided interventions.
- sports and exercise medicine
- musculoskeletal syndromes
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Contributors EP: made a substantial contribution to the design of the work and a major contributor in writing. JF: made a substantial contribution to the conception of the work and substantively revised it.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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