Abiotrophia defectiva is a nutritional variant streptococcus, with affinity for endovascular structures that cannot be cultured on non-supplemented media, leading to a delay in diagnosis. This case describes a 36-year-old woman with a previously known bicuspid aortic valve that presented with asthenia, myalgias and anorexia with 2-month onset. On admission, we documented fever and a systolic murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an oscillating mass attached to the aortic valve. The patient was admitted with a possible diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Later, blood cultures were positive for A. defectiva. Due to severe aortic regurgitation and congestive heart failure, she underwent surgical aortic valve replacement. After 6 weeks of antimicrobial therapy, the patient experienced full recovery. Despite of its rarity, A. defectiva endocarditis is associated with significant morbidity with mortality and physicians must have a high level of suspicion to ensure a prompt diagnosis and provide the appropriate treatment.
- valvar diseases
- cardiothoracic surgery
- heart failure
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Contributors All coauthors have contributed to the genesis of this manuscript and have seen and approved the submission.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.