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Recurrent angiosarcoma of scalp with opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome: role of salvage treatment

Abstract

Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a type of rare and locally aggressive malignancy requiring individualised treatment owing to paucity of randomised trials. We present the case of a middle-aged cancer survivor with locally advanced angiosarcoma of scalp managed with surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy over a course of 6 years for two recurrences. The first recurrence was preceded by opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome, a type of paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS), rarely reported in sarcomas. The second recurrence had a rapid clinical course, which led to a therapeutic dilemma of best supportive care versus active management. A trial of weekly paclitaxel was started that was continued for a total of 12 cycles with good objective clinical response. Presently, he is tolerating maintenance pazopanib well and is symptom free for 6 months. In cutaneous angiosarcoma patients, PNS may be a harbinger of recurrence and aggressive, multimodality treatment helps prolong survival.

  • oncology
  • chemotherapy
  • radiotherapy
  • dermatology
  • neurology

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