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Simultaneous multifocal intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) in the setting of long-term cocaine usage


A 45-year-old Caucasian man was admitted to hospital following a collapse at home. On admission, this patient was noted to have a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) Score of 9 out of 15, fever and tachypnoea. The patient was identified to have bilateral limb weakness, predominately on the left side, with associated dysphagia. Radiological imaging demonstrated bilateral multifocal intracranial haemorrhage and subarachnoid haemorrhage. Neurosurgical input was sought; the outcome of this was a decision to manage the patient conservatively, without surgical intervention. Of note, his urine drug testing revealed a positive result for a cocktail of drugs including cocaine, benzoylecgonine (cocaine metabolite), methadone, heroin, norbuprenorphine and benzodiazepine. Throughout the admission, the patient was monitored in an intensive care setting. The patient received support with feeding, speech and mobilisation. The patients’ GCS improved throughout the admission. Following a 30-day admission, the patient walked home.

  • toxicology
  • stroke
  • trauma CNS /PNS
  • vasculitis

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