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Rare case of Terson’s syndrome and viral retinitis due to dengue haemorrhagic fever in an infant
  1. Akash Belenje,
  2. Rupali Bose and
  3. Subhadra Jalali
  1. Srimati Kanuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreoretinal Diseases, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Subhadra Jalali; subhadra{at}


Dengue haemorrhagic fever with consequent thrombocytopaenia can lead to intracranial haemorrhage and Terson’s syndrome that can lead to visual problems. Simultaneously, the dengue virus can cause typical viral retinitis like picture in the eye. Early funduscopy and vision assessment is desirable in all dengue patients. In our case, an infant with dengue haemorrhagic fever and intracranial haemorrhage developed not only simultaneous bilateral vitreous and subinternal limiting membrane haemorrhage due to Terson’s syndrome from the indirect effect of thrombocytopaenia but also typical chorioretinitis possibly due to the direct effect of the virus on the retina. The vitreoretinal surgical outcome was satisfactory in this case.

  • retina
  • paediatric intensive care
  • neuroimaging

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  • Contributors AB: wrote the manuscript, did literature search. RB: collected Images for the case report. SJ: managed the case, was the operating surgeon.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.