Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the head and neck is a rare phenomenon, more so when it is an extracranial AVM like the auricle. AVMs are caused by genetic mutations. Most are probably present in the subclinical form at birth and then evolve; some may arise postnatally or during adolescence or get aggravated by precipitating factors like trauma, infection or hormonal influence like puberty or pregnancy. Once diagnosed, the feeding vessels have to be identified using radiological investigations. They are then embolised via means of percutaneous embolisation and surgical resection.
- radiology (diagnostics)
- nose and throat/otolaryngology
- primary care
- interventional radiology
- haematology (incl blood transfusion)
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