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Rapid resolution of a third nerve palsy from pituitary apoplexy
  1. Verina Hanna1,
  2. Zale Mednick2 and
  3. Jonathan Micieli2
  1. 1Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  2. 2Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jonathan Micieli; jonathanmicieli{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A 49-year-old man presented with new onset headache and diplopia, with right ptosis and limitation of extraocular movements consistent with a third nerve palsy. He had a known diagnosis of a non-functioning pituitary adenoma, and his presentation and neuroimaging were consistent with ischaemic pituitary apoplexy. The patient was otherwise stable with no signs of optic neuropathy or endocrine abnormality. He was observed with close interval follow-up and reported resolution of symptoms within 4 days after onset. Pituitary apoplexy is a potentially life-threatening condition often managed with initial medical stabilisation followed by neurosurgical decompression. The guidelines regarding the utility of surgery in patients with isolated ocular motility disorders are unclear, and recent retrospective studies suggested that outcomes may be similar in patients managed conservatively. This case demonstrates that rapid resolution of an isolated third nerve palsy may occur in this setting, and that observation is a reasonable initial management strategy.

  • cranial nerves
  • neuroopthalmology
  • visual pathway
  • neurosurgery

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Footnotes

  • Contributors VH: draft of manuscript, critical appraisal and final approval. ZM and JM: data acquisition, critical appraisal and final approval.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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