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Metastatic endophthalmitis presenting as subretinal abscess following a forearm furuncle


Metastatic endophthalmitis (ME) is rare form of secondary uveitis commonly prevalent in immunocompromised patients. A 55-year-old immunocompetent woman presented with painful decrease in left eye vision (referred to us as cytomegalovirus retinochoroiditis). Ocular examination revealed diffuse yellowish-white retinitis lesion (diagnosed as subretinal abscess on macular optical coherence tomography). Vitreous tap was unremarkable, but vitreous biopsy from the posterior vitreous overlying the subretinal abscess confirmed the growth of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Detailed systemic examination revealed a forearm furuncle, which yielded MSSA on culture. The infection followed relentless course despite aggressive treatment with pars plana vitrectomy and antibiotics (topical, systemic and intravitreal). This case is presented due to rarity of presentation of ME as subretinal abscess following skin infection, which became a management challenge. Due to its rapid progression and irreversible damage to ocular tissue, high index of suspicion and aggressive management is needed in such cases. The disease course, management and prognosis of such cases are dismal in majority of the patients.

  • eye
  • infections
  • skin

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