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Poland’s syndrome mimicking traumatic chest injury
  1. May Honey Ohn1 and
  2. Khin Maung Ohn2
  1. 1Cardiology Department, University Hospital Lewisham, London, UK
  2. 2Surgery Department, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
  1. Correspondence to Dr May Honey Ohn; mayhoney.ohn{at}


Poland’s syndrome (PS) is a rare developmental anomaly that can manifest mild (pectoralis muscles involvement) to severe deformities (rib hypoplasia and hand deformities). We report a case of 69-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with a traumatic chest injury after a fall. It was initially thought to have a significant chest injury as the trauma survey revealed a palpable defect and tenderness in the right anterior chest wall. There was also a symbrachydactyly deformity in the right hand. CT of the chest showed lack of right pectoralis muscles, which were consistent with PS. This case highlights the importance of gathering detail history in adult trauma patients such as congenital disorder especially in the presence of bony deformity. With possibilities of several traumatic conditions in trauma patients eliminated, one can expand the non-traumatic differential, keeping in mind the possibility of a congenital disorder that can mimic traumatic chest injury.

  • trauma
  • genetic screening / counselling
  • congenital disorders

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  • Contributors MHO was involved with case identification, diagnosis and informed consent as an attending. KMO was involved in the initial manuscript write-up and literature review. Both authors reviewed and proofread the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.