We present a case of D-lactic acidosis presenting as a metabolic encephalopathy secondary to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. This patient had a known history of short bowel syndrome. Of note, this case required the alteration of treatment to promote a sustained clinical and biochemical improvement. We discuss the pathophysiological mechanisms thought to be involved. We also review the current therapies as well as potential future strategies. This case highlights the importance of the prompt clinical recognition of signs and symptoms as well as the rapid initiation of management strategies to ameliorate this condition.
- fluid electrolyte and acid-base disturbances
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Contributors CMH: conceptualisation, writing of the original draft, review and editing. EK: writing, review and editing. HOD: writing of the original draft. ES: supervision, writing, review and editing.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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